Titanium-doped hydroxyapatites photoanodes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Nicola Sangiorgi, Riccardo Bendoni, Alex Sangiorgi, Lucrezia Aversa, Roberta Tatti, Roberto Verucchi, Alessio Adamiano, Monica Sandri, Anna Tampieri, Alessandra Sanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The development of new materials based on abundant elements, reduced toxicity is today crucial for the next generation of energy device. Titanium-doped hydroxyapatite (TiHA) was tested for the first time as photoanode material for Dye – Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs). The chemical composition and energy structure of TiHA powders with increasing titanium content (5 wt%, 10 wt% and 15 wt%) were extensively characterized by surface electron spectroscopies, XPS and UPS. Their compatibility with conventional ruthenium-based dyes molecules was also assessed, producing considerable uptake. TiHA films were produced by screen-printing technique and XRD analyses confirm the presence of apatitic structure. The film properties were completely determined by optical, morphological (FE–SEM) and functional characterizations. Finally, TiHA-based DSSCs were assembled and their photovoltaic performance were assessed. The best efficiency, equal to 0.14%, was obtained for the TiHA containing 15 wt% of titanium. These results open the path for the possible application of doped hydroxyapatite as novel materials for energy conversion systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9701-9710
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021


  • A. Films
  • B. Spectroscopy
  • C. Chemical properties
  • C. Optical properties
  • D. Apatite
  • E. Electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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