Tiny molecule, big power: Multi-target approach for curcumin in diabetic cardiomyopathy

Vengadeshprabhu Karuppagounder, Somasundaram Arumugam, Vijayasree V. Giridharan, Remya Sreedhar, Rajendran J C Bose, Jyothi Vanama, Suresh S. Palaniyandi, Tetsuya Konishi, Kenichi Watanabe, Rajarajan A. Thandavarayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is described as impaired cardiac diastolic and systolic functions. Diabetes mellitus (DM), a related cardiovascular disease, has become one of the major causes of death in DM patients. Mortality in these diseases is 2 to 3 times higher than in non-DM patients with cardiovascular disease. The progression of DCM and the cellular and molecular perturbations associated with the pathogenesis are complex and multifactorial. Although considerable progress has been achieved, the molecular etiologies of DCM remain poorly understood. There is an expanding need for natural antidiabetic medicines that do not cause the side effects of modern drugs. Curcumin, a pleiotropic molecule, from Curcuma longa, is known to possess numerous impacts such as scavenging free radical, antioxidant, antitumor, and antiinflammatory activities. The reports from preclinical and clinical findings revealed that curcumin can reverse insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, and obesity-related metabolic diseases. The current review provides an updated overview of the possible molecular mechanism of DCM and multitarget approach of curcumin in alleviating DCM and diabetic complication. Additionally, we mentioned the approaches that are currently being implemented to improve the bioavailability of this promising natural product in diabetes therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Review
  • Journal Article

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