Three-Year Follow-up of Patients With Iliac Occlusive Disease Treated With the Viabahn Balloon- Expandable Endoprosthesis

Jean M. Panneton, Jean Bismuth, Bruce H. Gray, Andrew Holden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess the midterm safety and effectiveness of the Gore Viabahn Balloon-Expandable Endoprosthesis (VBX Stent-Graft) in the treatment of patients with de novo or restenotic aortoiliac lesions. Materials and Methods: The prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized, single-arm VBX FLEX clinical study ( identifier: NCT02080871) evaluated 134 patients (mean age 66±9.5 years; 79 men) up to 3 years after treatment with the VBX Stent-Graft. A total of 213 lesions were treated with 234 stent-grafts. The primary safety endpoint was a composite of major adverse events (MAEs), which were evaluated through 30 days and 9 months. Secondary outcomes collected through 3 years included freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), clinically-driven TLR (CD-TLR), and CD-TVR as well as Rutherford category, resting ankle-brachial index (ABI), and functional status. A univariate analysis determined any correlation between baseline variables and TLR. Results: The observed composite percentage of MAEs was 2.3%, well below the 17% performance goal (p'0.001). Of the 134 patients in the per protocol analysis, 107 (80%) completed the study. The 1-year Kaplan-Meier estimate of primary patency was 94.5% and primary assisted patency was 99.0%. The estimate of freedom from TLR per-lesion/vessel was 97.6% at 9 months and 91.2% at 3 years. The 9-month estimate of freedom from CD-TLR was 98.6% and the 3-year estimate was 98.1%. The 3-year mean resting ABI was 0.93±0.19, an improvement of 0.17±0.26 from baseline (p'0.001). At 3 years, 82 patients (92.1%) improved ≥1 Rutherford category from baseline, and 77 patients (86.5%) maintained or improved upon their baseline functional status. Conclusion: The VBX Stent-Graft is a robust and durable treatment option for aortoiliac occlusive disease as evidenced by the sustained 3-year safety and effectiveness outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)728-736
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020


  • aortoiliac occlusive disease
  • balloon-expandable stent
  • covered stent
  • peripheral artery disease
  • stent-graft
  • target lesion revascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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