Therapeutic potential of adenovirus-mediated delivery of β-defensin 2 for experimental otitis media

Jeong Im Woo, Sung Hee Kil, Douglas E. Brough, Yoo Jin Lee, David J. Lim, Sung K. Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Otitis media (OM), one of the most prevalent diseases in young children, is clinically important owing to its high incidence in children and its potential impact on language development and motor coordination. OM is the most common reason for the prescription of antibiotics (accounting for 25% of prescriptions) due to its extremely high incidence. A recent increase in antibiotic resistance among OM pathogens is emerging as a major public health concern globally, which led us to consider non-antibiotic approaches for the management of OM. In this study, we evaluated gene transfer of an antimicrobial peptide, human β-defensin 2 (DEFB4), using an adenoviral vector (Ad5 with deletions of E1/E3/E4) as a potential therapeutic approach. We demonstrated that the transduction of human β-defensin 2 induces the production of human β-defensin 2 and suppresses non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) adhesion to human middle ear epithelial cells. Moreover, intratympanic inoculation of Ad-DEFB4 was found to attenuate NTHi-induced middle ear effusions without eliciting a significant immune response. Most importantly, intratympanic inoculation of Ad-DEFB4 appeared to significantly augment clearance of NTHi from middle ear cavity. Collectively, our results suggest that intratympanic gene delivery of antimicrobial molecules may serve as an alternative/adjuvant approach for the management of OM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-224
Number of pages10
JournalInnate Immunity
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2015

Keywords

  • Middle ear
  • defensin
  • gene delivery
  • non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae
  • otitis media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

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