A randomized, single blind study of 20 patients examined the accuracy of ultrasound in establishing the position of the mandibular condyle in relation to the glenoid fossa. The sonographic technique is described. The temporomandibular joint was imaged sonographically with the patients in an open- and a closed-mouth position as a model for condylar sag and proper condylar seating, respectively, during mandibular ramus osteotomy procedures. One radiologist identified condylar position correctly in 38 of 40 still ultrasound images, with a sensitivity and a specificity of 95%. During real time ultrasound examination, it is possible to visualize varying degrees of condylar movement in relation to the glenoid fossa. The results of this study support the potential use of ultrasound as an adjunct to mandibular orthognathic surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery