Thrombosis of the hepatic artery during the early post hepatic transplant period results in massive hepatocyte necrosis, bile duct damage and subsequent graft loss. The incidence of this complication is increased when hepatic arterial reconstruction is possible only by the placement of an interposition infrarenal iliac artery graft. We describe 45 hepatic transplants with difficult arterial reconstruction in which the supraceliac aorta was used for arterial reconstruction. Indications for using the supraceliac aorta as the primary site for arterial reconstruction were inadequate inflow through a narrow recipient common hepatic artery in 51 per cent, previously thrombosed common hepatic artery in 27 per cent, mechanical obstruction of the celiac axis in 13 per cent or intimal dissection in 9 per cent. Direct anastomosis of the donor hepatic artery to the supraceliac aorta was achieved in 22 patients, reducing the need for a graft by 49 per cent. Short segments of iliac artery graft (17 patients) or aortic conduit (six patients) to the supraceliac aortas were required because of insufficient length of the donor artery. The incidence of arterial thrombosis and graft loss were zero per cent in adults and 12.5 per cent in children, both significantly less when compared with the 23.0 to 70.0 per cent thrombosis rate when graft is placed in an infrarenal position. We conclude that routine use of the supraceliac aorta for difficult hepatic arterial reconstruction decreases the need for arterial grafts, the incidence of hepatic arterial thrombosis and loss of hepatic grafts.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Surgery Gynecology and Obstetrics|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology