The use of self-generation procedures facilitates verbal memory in individuals with seizure disorders

Bruce K. Schefft, Mario F. Dulay, Jamison D. Fargo, Jerzy P. Szaflarski, Hwa shain Yeh, Michael D. Privitera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy of a self-generation encoding procedure in facilitating the encoding and retrieval of verbal memories was compared with the didactic presentation of information in individuals with seizure disorders. Through a within-subject design, 87 patients (25 left temporal seizure onset, 29 right temporal, 8 frontal, and 25 psychogenic nonepileptic seizures) received a self-generation learning condition and a didactic learning condition and were subsequently tested for verbal paired associate free recall, cued recall, and recognition memory. All patient groups benefited from the use of the self-generation condition relative to the didactic condition. Better performance occurred with the self-generation procedure for cued recall and recognition memory test performance, but not free recall. Individuals with a left temporal seizure onset (patients with the poorest memory performance on the didactic condition) benefited the most from the self-generation condition. A memory encoding strategy that actively involves patient participation enhances memory performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-168
Number of pages7
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Cognitive rehabiliation
  • Compensatory strategy
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Memory
  • Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures
  • Self-generation effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology

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