The use of chimeric antigen receptor T cells in patients with non-hodgkin lymphoma

Premal D. Lulla, Laquisa C. Hill, Carlos A. Ramos, Helen Heslop

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resistance to conventional lines of therapy develops in approximately 20% of all patients with lymphoma. These patients have a dismal prognosis, with an expected median survival of 6.3 months. In recent years, T-cell immunotherapy has demonstrated a remarkable capacity to induce complete and durable clinical responses in patients with chemotherapy-refractory lymphoma. A major contributor to the success of immunotherapy has been the advent of genetic engineering technologies that introduce a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) into T cells to focus their killing activity on tumor cells. The adoptive transfer of autologous CAR T-cell products specific for the pan–B-cell antigen CD19 have now received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of relapsed or chemotherapy-resistant B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This review is designed to showcase the clinical efficacy and unique toxicities of individually developed CAR T-cell products for the treatment of lymphomas and their evolution from the laboratory bench to commercialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-386
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology
Volume16
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • CAR T cells
  • CD19
  • CD20
  • Lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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