Between 1984 and March 1987, 120 patients with either the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or its related complex seen at our hospital were studied retrospectively for urological signs and/or symptoms. Autopsy findings also were reviewed. Of the patients 84 per cent had no complaints referable to the urinary system, 2 per cent had gross hematuria (all with a negative diagnostic evaluation) and 14 per cent had urinary infections. We conclude that only a small percentage of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome suffer from significant urological manifestations and that a full urological evaluation of such patients generally is not warranted. If the patients presents with gross hematuria excretory urography should be performed if there is no infectious etiology, and cytoscopy should be performed only if the hematuria is life-threatening or prolonged and possibly to confirm significant urographic findings.
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