The range of ultrastructural morphology was studied in 107 male germ cell neoplasm to assess relationships among tumor subtypes and to consolidate diagnostic criteria. Eighty-three pure-pattern neoplasms including 47 seminomas, 26 embryonal carcinomas, 10 endodermal sinus tumors, and 24 mixed germ cell tumors were analyzed. In the seminoma category, 4 cases showing cell surface specialization in keeping with early carcinomatous transformation were noted. The finding suggested a closer link between seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors than had been traditionally recognized and was in keeping with other clinical, histologic, biochemical, and xenograft observations. Subtypes of nonseminomatous germ cell tumors also exhibited a continuum of ultrastructural morphology with some types such as embryonal carcinoma and endodermal sinus tumor often blending together. At a practical level, electron microscopy has been of value in selected differential diagnoses such as seminoma versus lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Structural Biology