The Supercharged Pedicled Jejunal Flap for Total Esophageal Reconstruction: A Retrospective Review of 100 Cases

Ashley C. Mays, Peirong Yu, Wayne Hofstetter, Jun Liu, Amy Xue, Michael Klebuc, Pierre Chevray, Jesse Selber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: When gastric pull-up is unsuccessful or unsuitable for total esophageal reconstruction, a supercharged pedicled jejunum can be used to reestablish gastrointestinal continuity. The authors reviewed their technique and outcomes of the supercharged pedicled jejunum for total esophageal reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was performed of 100 patients who underwent supercharged pedicled jejunum for total esophageal reconstruction between 2000 and 2017 at the Texas Medical Center. Patient characteristics, technical details, and outcomes were analyzed. Results: Mean patient age was 59.5 ± 11.4 years. Forty-two patients (42 percent) had surgical complications (18 percent at the recipient site, 13 percent at the donor site, and 11 percent at both). Medical complications occurred in 28 patients (28 percent). A major surgical complication occurred in 20 patients (20 percent). The average length of stay was 15 days (range, 6 to 152 days). At last follow-up, 20 patients (20 percent) had metastatic disease and six (6 percent) had local recurrence. Fifty-four patients (54 percent) died during the follow-up period. Of 79 patients with follow-up longer than 6 months, 68 (86 percent) tolerated a solid or soft oral diet, with a 16 percent tube feed-dependence rate. Overall survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 78.8, 53.7, and 33.1 percent, respectively. The median survival time was 38.7 months. Conclusions: The authors present their experience with 100 supercharged pedicled jejunums for total esophageal reconstruction. Functional outcomes are comparable to, or better than, other salvage modalities. With careful multidisciplinary planning and meticulous, well-orchestrated surgical technique, swallowing function can be restored to provide quality of life in patients with few remaining surgical options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1180
Number of pages10
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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