The Statistical analysis of adherence data obtained from markers

Abraham Silvers, Michael L. Russell, William Insull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Adherence markers provide new kinds of clinical trial data. Adherence data on individual participants obtained from markers can be used for designing the trial sample size and stratification, evaluating the adequacy of randomization, directing the management of adherence, and analyzing and interpreting the trial's final results. EXamples of these are presented. Analyses of adherence data can employ conventional procedures. Box plot techniques are proposed for flagging extreme values of the distribution of adherence either at at single time point or in a time continuum. The effect of difference in distribution of the markers in two or more groups in a clinical trial is discussed. Survival analysis is illustrated as one technique in univariate and multivariate analysis of markers with covariate effects. Design considerations with markers in a clinical trial are discussed, with particular emphasis on some of the assumptions and biases that must be considered for the analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)544-555
Number of pages12
JournalControlled Clinical Trials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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