Between July 1979 and December 1984, 785 patients received 815 St. Jude Medical valve prostheses. Valve-related mortality in the follow-up period was due to thromboemholism in seven cases, anticoagulant-related hemorrhage in three and perivalvular leak in two. Freedom from valve-related death or reoperation at 3 years was 96.4% for aortic valve replacement and 98.3% for mitral valve replacement. The overall rate of thromboembolism was 2.6%/patient-year with warfarin, 9.2%/patient-year with antiplatelet medication and 15.6%/patient-year in patients with no anticoagulant therapy. One episode of thrombotic obstruction of a mitral valve, in a patient receiving no anticoagulant therapy, resulted in an occurrence rate of such obstruction of 0.22%/patient-year. Valve replacement with the St. Jude valve produced excellent clinical results, but long-term anticoagulation with warfarin was required to minimize thromboembolic complications. The use of antiplatelet agents alone provided inadequate protection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine