The similarities between smDCs and regDCs in alleviating the immune injury caused by transplantation of hepatocytes differentiated from ESCs

Cheng Zhang, Wenwei Liao, Bing Cai, Furong Liu, Qiong Ke, Xiaofeng Zhu, Xiaoshun He, Anbin Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to investigate the tolerogenic mechanisms induced by semimature dendritic cells (smDCs) and regulatory dendritic cells (regDCs) after transplantation of hepatocytes differentiated from mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and to confirm the low immunogenicity of hepatocytes differentiated from ESCs. Methods: Green fluorescent protein-labeled ESCs collected from 129 mice were cultured to differentiate into hepatocytes. smDCs and regDCs were cultured in vitro. The hepatocytes were cultured after being extracted from the livers of 129 mice. After injecting smDCs or regDCs 3 days in advance, these differentiated hepatocytes and normal hepatocytes were transplanted into the livers of BALB/c mice separately. Subsequently, the histopathological features and cytokines in transplant tissues as well as the Foxp3 expression in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells of the recipients were examined. Results: The morphological phenotypes of smDCs and regDCs were similar. They both expressed medium levels of MHC-II, CD40, CD80, and CD86, high levels of TGF-β and IL-10, and low levels of IL-2. The survival of differentiated hepatocytes was prolonged and inflammatory infiltration in transplant tissues was reduced in both the smDC and regDC groups. Foxp3 expression in peripheral blood CD4+ T cells of the smDC group increased to 5.38% and that of the regDC group also rose to 3.87%. Moreover, the inflammatory infiltration in the tissues receiving transplanted hepatocytes was more obvious. Conclusions: smDCs and regDCs were similar tolerogenic dendritic cells. They both could alleviate the immune injury by inducing CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells through the medium expression of MHC-II, CD40, CD80, and CD86 and the appropriate secretion of cytokines. Hepatocytes differentiated from ESCs displayed low immunogenicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number266
JournalStem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2017

Keywords

  • Embryonic stem cells
  • Hepatocyte transplantation
  • Low immunogenicity
  • Regulatory T cells
  • Regulatory dendritic cells
  • Semimature dendritic cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Cell Biology

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