The role of the intestinal microflora in the formation of mutagenic metabolites from the carcinogenic air pollutant 2-nitrofluorene

L. Möller, M. Corrie, T. Midtvedt, J. Rafter, J. Å Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

After a single oral dose of 2-nitro[9-14C]fluorene (NF) to germfree and conventional rats, radioactivity with associated mutagenic activity was rapidly excreted in both urine and feces. The mutagenicity excreted from germfree animals exceeded the mutagenicity excreted from conventional animals. Absence of the microflora resulted in lack of nitroreduction and excreted metabolites from germfree rats were mono- or dihydroxylated nitrofluorenes, as assessed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). These hydroxy-NFs were associated with the high direct-acting mutagenicity that was excreted in germfree animals. Only traces of NF were found in urine from germfree rats and no NF was detected in urine from conventional animals. Thus, in contrast to a number of reports on other mutagenic compounds, these results would tend to indicate that the intestinal microflora causes a reduced excretion of mutagenic metabolites of NF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalCarcinogenesis
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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