The role of combined liver/kidney transplantation in end-stage hepato- renal disease

A. Shaked, M. Thompson, A. H. Wilkinson, B. Nuesse, G. F. El-Khoury, J. T. Rosenthal, G. M. Danovich, R. W. Busuttil

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27 Scopus citations


The study describes the indications and results of combined liver/kidney transplantation in eight patients suffering from end-stage hepato-renal diseases. The causes of primary renal failure were hyperoxaluria type I (2/8), diabetic nephropathy (2/8), glomerulonephritis (2/8), congenital pyelonephritis (1/8), and polycystic kidneys (1/8). Only five of these patients were on chronic dialysis prior to transplantation. The indication for kidney transplantation in the other three patients was low GFR (<20 mL/min) and the anticipation of further deterioration of the renal function after liver transplantation as a result of cyclosporine toxicity. The end- stage liver diseases were chronic active hepatitis (4/8) and alcoholic cirrhosis (2/8). There was no evidence for liver failure in two patients undergoing combined transplants for primary hyperoxaluria. The 1-year patient survival rate is 75 per cent, and at that time, kidney and liver function were found to be within normal range. In conclusion, excellent long-term patient survival, as well as kidney and liver graft function, can be achieved in patients suffering from complex end-stage disease of both organs who undergo combined liver and kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-609
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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