Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from arginine (ARG) by NO synthase (NOS). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a competitive inhibitor of NOS, participates in the endogenous regulation of NO synthesis. The main amount of ADMA is enzymatically degraded by dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) widely expressed in renal tissue. The aim of our study was to compare the changes in DDAH activity and ARG synthesis in kidneys, ADMA and ARG concentration in plasma and their urinary excretion under physiological conditions and in acute renal injury (ARI) induced by glycerol in rats. Urinary nitrite/nitrate excretion (NOx) was estimated as an indicator of whole-body NO synthesis. DDAH activity was decreased, ADMA excretion was increased and plasma ADMA did not change in ARI. Plasma ARG concentration, renal ARG synthesis and urinary NOx excretion were decreased. In conclusion, the diminished enzymatic hydrolysis of the NOS inhibitor ADMA and the reduced synthesis of the NOS substrate ARG might affect NO production in ARI.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Rossiǐskii fiziologicheskiǐ zhurnal imeni I.M. Sechenova / Rossiǐskaia akademiia nauk|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2012|
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