The Role and Impact of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Critical Care

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27 Scopus citations


Use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been exponentially increasing over the last decade and is now considered a mainstream lifesaving treatment modality in critical care medicine. However, the need for physician education, training, and experience remains imperative. Although ECMO has traditionally been used in end-stage lung disease and circulatory collapse, it is being adopted for use in right heart failure, as a bridge to heart and lung transplantation, and as rescue therapy for both sepsis and post-organ transplantation. The following article discusses indications, management, complications, and challenges of ECMO as well as our experience at the Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-119
Number of pages10
JournalMethodist DeBakey cardiovascular journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • ARDS
  • ECMO
  • acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • cardiogenic shock
  • extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • heart transplant
  • lung transplant
  • right heart failure
  • sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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