The relationship between reward and punishment processing and the 5-HT 1A receptor as shown by PET

Paul Faulkner, Sudhakar Selvaraj, Alex Pine, Oliver D. Howes, Jonathan P. Roiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: The serotonin (5-HT) system has been reported to be involved in decision-making. A key component of this neurotransmitter system is the 5-HT1A receptor, and research is beginning to show how this receptor can influence decision-making. However, this relationship has rarely been studied in humans. Objectives: This study assessed whether individual variability in 5-HT1A availability correlates with decision-making in healthy volunteers. Methods: We measured regional availability of the 5-HT 1A receptor in the hippocampal complex and striatum using positron emission tomography and correlated this with performance on two decision-making tasks measuring sensitivity to probability, rewards and punishments and temporal discounting, respectively. Results: No relationship between decision-making behaviour and 5-HT1A availability in the striatum was found. However, a positive correlation was detected between participants' 5-HT1A availability in the hippocampal complex and their sensitivity to the probability of winning. Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between the degree to which participants discounted future rewards and 5-HT1A availability in the hippocampal complex. Conclusions: These data support a role for the 5-HT1A receptor in the aberrant decision-making that can occur in neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2579-2586
Number of pages8
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume231
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Decision-making
  • Hippocampus
  • Positron emission tomography (PET)
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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