The profunda artery perforator flap: A versatile option for head and neck reconstruction

Rene D. Largo, Mohin A. Bhadkamkar, Malke Asaad, Carrie K. Chu, Patrick B. Garvey, Charles E. Butler, Yu Peirong, Matthew M. Hanasono, Edward I. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although the profunda artery perforator flap has gained popularity in breast reconstruction, it has not been well described for reconstruction of head and neck defects. The authors report their experience with free profunda artery perforator flaps in postoncologic head and neck reconstruction. Methods: A retrospective review of all free profunda artery perforator flaps used for head and neck reconstruction from 2016 to 2019 was performed. Results: Overall, 61 profunda artery perforator flap reconstructions were performed: 45 single independent flaps, 12 in conjunction with a second free flap, and four in combination with two other free flaps. The profunda artery perforator flaps were most commonly used for reconstruction of the tongue (n = 19), cheek (n = 11), parotid (n = 10), and maxilla (n = 6). The profunda artery perforator flaps averaged 7.1 × 12.1 × 1.9 cm, with a mean pedicle length of 11.5 cm. The A, B, and C perforators were located at mean distances of 7.4 cm (range, 4 to 11.5 cm), 11.7 cm (range, 8 to 18 cm), and 16.1 cm (range, 14 to 20.5 cm) from the pubic tubercle along the axis of the adductor longus muscle and 7.9 cm (range, 7 to 11cm), 7.6 cm (range, 7 to 15.5 cm), and 7.2 cm (range, 6 to 16 cm) posterior and perpendicular to the axis. There were three partial flap losses. Eight patients (13 percent) had recipient-site complications necessitating operative intervention: four for vascular compromise of the profunda artery perforator flap, two for hematoma evacuation, and two for infection. Donor-site complications were noted in seven patients (11 percent), two of whom required operative intervention. Conclusions: The profunda artery perforator flap is a versatile and reliable flap with consistent anatomy and a low complication rate. The profunda artery perforator flap seems to be a reasonable alternative for reconstruction of head and neck defects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1401-1412
Number of pages12
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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