Context.-One of the major clinical challenges is to predict recurrence of meningioma. Recently, we have found that IMP3, an oncofetal RNA-binding protein, is a biomarker to predict aggressive tumors. Objective.-To investigate whether IMP3 can be used as a new biomarker to predict the recurrence and overall survival of patients with meningiomas. Design.-One hundred seven patients with primary meningiomas were investigated for expression of IMP3 by immunohistochemistry and whether expression of this molecule correlated with tumor recurrence and overall survival. Results.-Tumor recurrence was found in 13 of 107 patients with primary meningioma. Seven of 107 patients (6.5%) with primary meningiomas expressed IMP3. Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank tests showed that patients with IMP3-positive tumors had a much higher recurrence rate (P = .004) and a poorer overall survival (P lt; .001) than did patients with IMP3-negative tumors. The 5-year recurrence-free and overall survival rates were 0% and 36% in IMP3-positive patients versus 89% and 94% in IMP3-negative patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis of IMP3 status (positive versus negative) in primary tumors showed a hazard ratio of 17.89 for recurrence (P= .01), which wasmuch higher than hazard ratios associated with all other known risk factors including higher tumor grades and Ki-67 labeling index. Conclusions.-IMP3 is a potential independent prognostic biomarker that can be used at the time of initial diagnosis of meningioma to identify patients who have a high risk of developing a recurrence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology