The New Kidney Donor Allocation System and Implications for Anesthesiologists

Srikanth Sridhar, Sara Guzman-Reyes, Sam D. Gumbert, Semhar J. Ghebremichael, Angelina R. Edwards, Mark J. Hobeika, Wasim A. Dar, Evan G. Pivalizza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given potential disparity and limited allocation of deceased donor kidneys for transplantation, a new federal kidney allocation system was implemented in 2014. Donor organ function and estimated recipient survival in this system has implications for perioperative management of kidney transplant recipients. Early analysis suggests that many of the anticipated goals are being attained. For anesthesiologists, implications of increased dialysis duration and burdens of end-stage renal disease include increased cardiopulmonary disease, challenging fluid, hemodynamic management, and central vein access. With no recent evidence to guide anesthesia care within this new system, we describe the kidney allocation system, summarize initial data, and briefly review organ systems of interest to anesthesiologists. As additional invasive and echocardiographic monitoring may be indicated, one consideration may be development of a dedicated anesthesiology team experienced in management and monitoring of complex patients, in a similar manner as has been done for liver transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • allocation
  • anesthesia
  • kidney
  • organ
  • transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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