The monoclonal antibody Ca37, developed against Candida albicans alcohol dehydrogenase, inhibits the yeast in vitro and in vivo

Aitziber Antoran, Leire Aparicio-Fernandez, Aize Pellon, Idoia Buldain, Leire Martin-Souto, Aitor Rementeria, Mahmoud A. Ghannoum, Beth Burgwyn Fuchs, Eleftherios Mylonakis, Fernando L. Hernando, Andoni Ramirez-Garcia

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Candida albicans is a commensal yeast able to cause life threatening invasive infections particularly in immunocompromised patients. Despite the availability of antifungal treatments, mortality rates are still unacceptably high and drug resistance is increasing. We, therefore, generated the Ca37 monoclonal antibody against the C. albicans alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) 1. Our data showed that Ca37 was able to detect C. albicans cells, and it bound to Adh1 in yeast and Adh2 in hyphae among the cell wall-associated proteins. Moreover, Ca37 was able to inhibit candidal growth following 18 h incubation time and reduced the minimal inhibitory concentration of amphotericin B or fluconazole when used in combination with those antifungals. In addition, the antibody prolonged the survival of C. albicans infected-Galleria mellonella larvae, when C. albicans was exposed to antibody prior to inoculating G. mellonella or by direct application as a therapeutic agent on infected larvae. In conclusion, the Ca37 monoclonal antibody proved to be effective against C. albicans, both in vitro and in vivo, and to act together with antifungal drugs, suggesting Adh proteins could be interesting therapeutic targets against this pathogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9206
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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