Magnesium-dependent ATPase (MgATPase) activity is associated with many E1-E2 or P-type transport ATPases including the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) calcium ATPase. The SR isolated from rat heart has a MgATPase activity which is 6-12 times faster than the MgATPase activity of the SR isolated from dog heart. To determine the origin of the high MgATPase activity of rat heart SR, we compared and contrasted cardiac SR isolated from both species. The preparations were similar in the following ways: (i) contamination by other organelles; (ii) the comigration of MgATPase activity with calcium-dependent ATPase (CaATPase) activity through a sucrose gradient; (iii) a similar ATPase activity sensitivity to pH and ATP concentration; (iv) the high and similar of sensitivity of ATPase activity to detergent; and (v) a similar protein profile. In both preparations, a single protein in the 105,000-Da region of polyacrylamide gels was phosphorylated by ATP, and the phosphorylated species was an acylphosphate formed in the presence and absence of calcium. Dimethyl sulfoxide, which slows acylphosphoenzyme breakdown, markedly inhibited both CaATPase and MgATPase activities of both preparations but not other enzyme activities. Importantly, the specific inhibitor of the SR calcium pump, thapsigargin, completely inhibited the CaATPase activity with an I50 of 6-7 nm; however, a higher concentration (I50 of 2 μm) was required to inhibit the MgATPase activity of the rat cardiac SR. These results provide evidence that the Mg-ATPase activity of rat cardiac SR is part of the enzyme cycle of the calcium ATPase protein.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology