The long-term effect of jejunoileal autotransplantation on intestinal function

J. S. Thompson, S. G. Rose, A. D. Spanta, Eamonn Martin Quigley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Disturbed intestinal absorption has been demonstrated almost uniformly early after intestinal autotransplantation. Our aim was to study the long- term effects of autotransplantation on intestinal absorptive function. Studies of nutritional status and absorptive function were performed on groups of dogs at three intervals after autotransplantation: I (<6 months; n = 4), II (6 to 12 months; n = 4), and III (12 to 18 months; n = 4). At death samples of intestinal fluid were obtained for bacteriologic analysis, and studies of morphology and in vitro absorption were performed on intact and autotransplanted intestine. Similar studies were performed on a group of five control animals. Although body weight and serum albumin levels remained stable in dogs that had undergone autotransplantation and initial diarrhea improved, stool moisture was persistently elevated and late defects in fat and D-xylose absorption developed (4.8% ± 3.2% stool fat at 12 months vs 2.1% ± 0.6% before surgery and 3.4 ± 2.0 x 10-2 mmol/L xylose/hr at 12 months vs 8.8 ± 5.4 x 10-2 mmol/L xylose/hr before surgery; p < 0.05). In vitro glucose uptake and villus height were similar in autotransplanted and adjacent intact intestine at death. Compared with control animals, animals that had undergone autotransplantation demonstrated significant overgrowth of fecal flora in jejunum and ileum (14/18 segments > 105 bacteria vs 6/15 segments; p < 0.05). Thus delayed defects in intestinal absorption of fat and D-xylose occurred more than 12 months after autotransplantation. Because intestinal structure and function of the autotransplanted intestine were similar to those of adjacent intact intestine, this malabsorption may be related to bacterial overgrowth or other in vivo factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalSurgery
Volume111
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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