## Abstract

Direct numerical simulation of highly accelerated turbulent boundary layers (TBLs) reveals that the Reynolds shear stress, u′ v′^{+}, monotonically decreases downstream and exhibits a logarithmic behaviour (e.g. -u′ v′^{+} = -(1/A_{uv}) ln y^{+} + B_{uv}) in the mesolayer region (e.g. 50 ≤ y^{+} ≤ 170). The thickness of the log layer of u′ v′^{+} increases with the streamwise distance and with the pressure gradient strength, extending over a large portion of the TBL thickness (up to 55 %). Simulations reveal that V^{+} ∂ U^{+}/∂y^{+} ∼ 1/y^{+} ∼ ∂u′ v′^{+}/∂y^{+}, resulting in a logarithmic u′ v′^{+} profile. Also, V^{+} ∼ -y^{+} is no longer negligible as in zero-pressure-gradient (ZPG) flows. Other experimental/numerical data at similar favourable-pressure-gradient (FPG) strengths also show the presence of a log region in u′ v′^{+}. This log region in u′ v′^{+} is larger in sink flows than in other spatially developing FPG flows. The latter flows exhibit the presence of a small power-law region in u′ v′^{+}, which is non-existent in sink flows.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 189-200 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Journal of Fluid Mechanics |

Volume | 775 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 19 2015 |

## Keywords

- turbulence simulation
- turbulent boundary layers
- turbulent flows

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering