The linear clusters of oogonial cells in the development of telotrophic ovarioles in polyphage Coleoptera

Bohdan Matusewski, Konrad Ciechomski, Joanna Nurkowska, Malgorzata Kloc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the premetamorphic development of coleopteran telotrophic ovaries the culsters of sister oogonial cells, in which the differentiation of nurse cells and oocytes occurs, are arranged in linear chains. This results from a series of mitoses with the consistent orientation of the spindle parallel to the long axis of the ovariole. As a result of incomplete cytokinesis, the oogonial cells in each sibling cluster are linked to each other by intercellular bridges occupied by fusomes. As a rule, at each cluster division the basal cell (i.e. the oocyte progenitor) starts to divide first. From this cell a wave of mitoses spreads toward the anterior end of the cluster, resulting in a mitotic gradient. It is suggested that the failure of the fusomes in adjacent cells to fuse into one continuous fusome (i.e. polyfusome) allows the spindles to orientate with their long axes parallel to the long axis of the sibling cluster. This would explain why the oogonial divisions in coleopteran telotrophic ovaries generate linear chains of cells rather than the cyst-like arrangement which is typical for polytrophic sibling clusters. Dividing sibling clusters within ovarioles are arranged in bundles. The presence of intercellular bridges between sibling clusters seems to be the underlying cause of this nonrandom distribution of the mitotically active clusters. The transverse bridges have been found to occur between the basal cells as well as between the cells located more anteriorly in adjacent sibling clusters. The transverse bridges are filled with typical fusomes, which in more anterior parts of sibling clusters may fuse with the fusomes of adjacent sister oogonial cells into polyfusomes. The transverse bridges between the basal cells are incorporated in the oocytes. The pattern of sibling cluster formation described in this paper apparently occurs widespread in polyphagous Coleoptera, since it has been found in three relatively distantly related families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-469
Number of pages8
JournalWilhelm Roux's Archives of Developmental Biology
Volume194
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1985

Keywords

  • Fusomes
  • Intercellular bridges
  • Mitotic gradient
  • Oogonial divisions
  • Telotrophic ovary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology

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