The interaction of two adenine nucleotides with the red cell membrane was investigated using highly sensitive differential scanning calorimetry. It was found that ADP and AMP-PNP (an ATP analogue) preferentially modify the A transition, which has been shown to involve the unfolding of a portion of spectrin, an erythrocyte membrane protein complex. The interaction of ADP with spectrin was shown to be reversible and facilitated by the usual cofactor, Mg2+. The ADP-induced modification, however, is only observed for membrane associated spectrin; ADP has no effect on extracted spectrin. The results presented are consistent with an ADP-induced conformational change in the spectrin complex which leads to a change in the spectrin-membrane interaction. ADP, but not AMP-PNP, is shown to modify an additional calorimetric transition (B2) associated with a structural change in the transmembrane protein band 3. This behavior is characteristic of inhibitors of anion transport in the red cell. ADP is also found to be an inhibitor of anion transport in red cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology