Twenty pairs of corneas from asymptomatic carriers of HIV-1 and seven pairs from AIDS patients were analyzed for the presence of HIV-1 and HHV-6 antigens, viral transcripts, DNA sequences, and intact and infectious particles. Although serum from all donors was positive for both HIV-1 and HHV-6 antibody by Western blot analysis, only one cornea from an asymptomatic carrier of HIV-1 was positive for HIV-1 and HHV-6. The cornea was positive when tested by tissue culture, PCR, in situ hybridization, and electron microscopy. There was no tear film contamination. These results suggest that HIV-1 and HHV-6 may be capable of invading corneal tissue.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience