The "House Calls" Trial: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Racial Disparities in Live Donor Kidney Transplantation: Rationale and Design

James R. Rodrigue, Martha Pavlakis, Ogo Egbuna, Matthew Paek, Amy D. Waterman, Didier A. Mandelbrot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite a substantially lower rate of live donor kidney transplantation among Black Americans compared to White Americans, there are few systematic efforts to reduce this racial disparity. This paper describes the rationale and design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the comparative effectiveness of three different educational interventions for increasing live donor kidney transplantation in Black Americans. This trial is a single-site, urn-randomized controlled trial with a planned enrollment of 180 Black Americans awaiting kidney transplantation. Patients are randomized to receive transplant education in one of three education conditions: through group education at their homes (e.g., House Calls), or through group (Group-Based) or individual education (Individual Counseling) in the transplant center. The primary outcome of the trial is the occurrence of a live donor kidney transplant, with secondary outcomes including living donor inquiries and evaluations as well as changes in patient live donor kidney transplantation readiness, willingness, knowledge, and concerns. Sex, age, dialysis status, and quality of life are evaluated as moderating factors. Findings from this clinical trial have the potential to inform strategies for reducing racial disparities in live donor kidney transplantation. Similar trials have been developed recently to broaden the evaluation of House Calls as an innovative disparity-reducing intervention in kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-818
Number of pages8
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Living donation
  • Randomized trial
  • Transplant education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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