The fibronectin-binding MSCRAMM FnbpA of Staphylococcus aureus is a bifunctional protein that also binds to fibrinogen

Elisabeth R. Wann, Sivashankarappa Gurusiddappa, Magnus Höök

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

236 Scopus citations

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen capable of causing a wide spectrum of diseases in humans and animals. This bacterium expresses a variety of virulence factors that participate in the process of infection. These include MSCRAMMs (microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules) that mediate the adherence of the bacteria to host extracellular matrix components, such as collagen, fibronectin (Fn), and fibrinogen (Fg). Two Fn-binding MSCRAMMs, FnbpA and FnbpB, have been previously identified. The Fn binding activity has been localized to the ~40-amino acid residue D repeats in the C-terminal part of these proteins. However, no biological activity has yet been attributed to the N-terminal A regions of these proteins. These regions exhibit substantial amino acid sequence identity to the A regions of other staphylococcal MSCRAMMs, including ClfA, ClfB, and SdrG (Fbe), all of which bind Fg. This raises the question of whether the Fn-binding MSCRAMMs can also bind specifically to Fg. In this report, we show that a recombinant form of the A region of FnbpA does specifically recognize Fg. We localize the binding site in Fg for recombinant FnbpA to the γ-chain, in particular to the C-terminal residues of this polypeptide, the site also recognized by ClfA. In addition, we demonstrate that recombinant FnbpA can compete with ClfA for binding to both immobilized and soluble Fg. By the use of surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and fluorescence polarization, we determine the dissociation equilibrium constant for the interaction of recombinant FnbpA with intact immobilized Fg and with a synthetic C-terminal γ-chain peptide, respectively. Finally, by overexpressing FnbpA in a mutant strain of S. aureus that lacks the expression of both ClfA and ClfB, we show that native FnbpA can mediate the interaction of S. aureus with soluble Fg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13863-13871
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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