The eye examination in facial trauma for the plastic surgeon

Charles N. Soparkar, James R. Patrinely

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Fifteen to 20 percent of patients with major facial trauma suffer vision-threatening injuries. Not only does the early identification and management of such ophthalmic insults frequently carry a better visual prognosis, but manipulations during facial fracture repair may exacerbate unrecognized eye trauma. In addition, ophthalmic problems not documented before facial reconstruction may be interpreted as direct complications of surgery. Thus, all physicians who treat patients with trauma above the mandible should appreciate the fundamentals of ophthalmic evaluation and emergency management. This article strives to provide a simplified, practical guide, but it should not be viewed as a substitute for consultation by a qualified eye care provider when an ocular injury is strongly suspected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number7 SUPPL. 2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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