The epidemiology and etiology of incontinence and voiding dysfunction

Scott L. Brown, Kathleen C. Kobashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


I. INTRODUCTION Urinary incontinence among women is a prevalent condition with a signi?cant in?uence on well-being. Approximately one third of all women have involuntary leakage of urine; 10% have incontinence at least weekly, and 5% have incontinence daily [1-3]. Incontinence is so common in elderly patients that it is often mistakenly viewed as a consequence of aging and an inevitable problem with which women must contend. Incontinence, however, is also a problem among younger women in the community and in those younger women with particular medical problems [4,5]. Many factors, such as age, childbirth, parity, bowel dysfunction, obstetric complications, obesity, pelvic surgery, medications, functional impairment, chronic diseases, menstrual cycle, race, and family history, are associated with urinary incontinence [2,6-11]. It has been suggested that the prevalence of urinary incontinence increases at the time of menopause [12]. However, it remains uncertain whether this is due to the hormonal changes associated withmenopause or is just part of the aging process [13]. This chapter focuses on the epidemiology and etiology of urinary incontinence and includes associated risk factors for incontinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFemale Pelvic Health and Reconstructive Surgery
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780824743611
ISBN (Print)9780824708221
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'The epidemiology and etiology of incontinence and voiding dysfunction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this