Background: In treating patients with limitations of hip motion, it is generally assumed that correction of bony morphology will provide the patient with the joint motion required to resume their activities. However, the positions of impingement and the specific excursions of joint motion required by each sport may vary. This systematic review aimed to define the envelope of active hip joint motion for participation in different sporting, recreational, and daily-living activities. Methods: The EMBASE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases were searched to identify studies that reported kinematics of the hip in sporting, recreational, and daily-living activities. Inclusion criteria were (1)peer-reviewed articles reporting hip kinematics in a certain type of activity, and (2)presented in English. To synthesize the kinematic data, the peak values of kinematic components (i.e. flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, and internal/external rotation)during an activity, as well as the concurrent values in a certain phase of the activity were collected from each study. Results: A total of 67 studies met the inclusion criteria, involving 32 different types of activities. Seventeen activities required at least one component of supra-physiologic hip motion, however, there were eight different combinations of flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, and internal/external rotation observed. Specifically, three activities (sex, sitting cross-legged, and grand ecart lateral of ballet dancing)required simultaneous extreme degrees of all three components, five activities (arabesque, developpe devant right, and developpe a la seconde right of ballet dancing, picking up something, and taekwondo)required high degrees of two components, most commonly hip abduction combined with flexion or internal rotation. Significance: This review highlighted that many activities place supraphysiologic demands on hip joint motion, however, the kinematic components affected differ dramatically with the specific activity. This suggests that the demands of each patient's individual activities must be assessed before recommending or planning treatment rather than assuming that a fixed value of “normal” hip motion is applicable to all.
- Activities of daily living
- Hip motion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine