Abstract

Enterococci are gram-positive cocci commonly found as commensals of the gastrointestinal tract. Their genetic plasticity and acquisition of a variety of both intrinsic and acquired antimicrobial resistance determinants have made enterococci challenging opportunistic pathogens in the modern healthcare environment. This chapter reviews the laboratory identification, epidemiology, pathogenesis, spectrum of disease, and mechanisms of resistance to commonly employed antienterococcal antibiotics with a focus on the clinical relevance of these highly adaptable organisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMolecular Medical Microbiology, Third Edition
PublisherElsevier
Chapter37
Pages755-774
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9780128186190
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Keywords

  • Enterococcus
  • VRE
  • antibiotic resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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