Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of oral azimilide dihydrochloride (AZ) 100 mg versus placebo on the onset, termination, and prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a subpopulation of patients in the Azimilide Postinfarct Survival Evaluation (ALIVE) trial. Background Previous clinical trials have demonstrated the antiarrhythmic effects of AZ in patients with AF. Azimilide was investigated for its effects on mortality in patients with depressed left ventricular (LV) function after recent myocardial infarction (MI) and in a subpopulation of patients with AF. Methods A total of 3,381 post-MI patients with depressed LV function were enrolled in this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of AZ 100 mg on all-cause mortality. A total of 93 patients had AF on the baseline 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). An additional 27 patients developed AF after initially being in sinus rhythm at randomization. These patients were identified through 12-lead ECGs obtained during routine visits at week 2, months 1, 4, 8, and 12. Results Patients with AF at baseline had a higher mortality than those without AF (p = 0.0006). Among AF patients, there was no difference in mortality between AZ patients and placebo patients (p = 0.82). Fewer AZ patients developed AF than placebo patients (p = 0.04). More AZ patients than placebo patients converted to sinus rhythm, but this difference did not achieve statistical significance (p = 0.076). Over one-year follow-up, more AZ patients were in sinus rhythm than placebo patients (p = 0.04). Conclusions Azimilide was safe and effective AF therapy in patients with depressed LV function after an MI.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Azimilide dihydrochloride
- Azimilide Postinfarct Survival Evaluation
- Confidence interval
- Survival Trial of Antiarrhythmic Therapy in Congestive Heart Failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas