The effect of submaximal exercise on fibrinolysis

Ziatko Fras, Dušan Keber, Wayne Chandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We studied the relationship between sustained submaximal exercise, increased tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) levels and decreased hepatic clearance of t-PA. Six healthy male volunteers exercised for 35 min while receiving constant rate infusions of either saline or two different doses of recombinant t-PA for 90 min (40 min before, 35 min during and 15 min after exercise). Liver blood flow was estimated simultaneously by constant rate indocyanine green infusion. Since t-PA is cleared rapidly by the liver in direct proportion to liver blood flow, it was expected that a significant decrease in liver blood flow during sustained submaximal exercise would be associated with a proportional increase in plasma t-PA. During submaximal exercise with a saline (placebo) infusion, steady-state t-PA antigen increased from a resting baseline of 6.3 ± 3.1 to 15.1 ± 5.1 ng/ml; with a 20 μg/min t-PA infusion, t-PA antigen increased from 33 ± 12 to 84 ± 25 ng/ml during exercise; and with a 40 μg/mln t-PA infusion, t-PA antigen increased from 77 ± 38 to 166 ± 42 ng/ml during exercise. During submaximal exercise, liver blood flow fell on average 71, 68 and 70%, respectively, during the three procedures, while calculated t-PA clearance decreased on average 59, 59 and 53%. t-PA concentration versus time curves, displayed in proportional units, were similar. The comparable relative increases in endogenous and exogenous t-PA with simultaneous proportional decreases in liver blood flow suggests that diminished hepatic t-PA clearance is the major cause of increased t-PA concentration and blood fibrinolytic activity enhancement during sustained submaximal exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004


  • Fibrinolysis
  • Submaximal exercise
  • t-PA clearance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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