The Association of Preterm Birth With Maternal Nativity and Length of Residence Among Non-Hispanic Black Women

Anum S. Minhas, Ellen Boakye, Olufunmilayo H. Obisesan, Yaa A. Kwapong, Sammy Zakaria, Andreea A. Creanga, Arthur J. Vaught, Laxmi S. Mehta, Melinda B. Davis, Natalie A. Bello, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Khurram Nasir, Michael J. Blaha, Roger S. Blumenthal, Pamela S. Douglas, Xiaobin Wang, Garima Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is associated with future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and disproportionally affects non-Hispanic Black (NHB) women. Limited data exist on the influence of length of US residence on nativity-related disparities in PTB. We examined PTB by maternal nativity (US born vs foreign born) and length of US residence among NHB women.

METHODS: We analyzed data from 2699 NHB women (1607 US born; 1092 foreign born) in the Boston Birth Cohort, originally designed as a case-control study. Using multivariable logistic regression, we investigated the association of PTB with maternal nativity and length of US residence.

RESULTS: In the total sample, 29.1% of women delivered preterm (31.4% and 25.6% among US born and foreign born, respectively). Compared with foreign born, US-born women were younger (25.8 vs 29.5 years), had higher prevalence of obesity (27.6% vs 19.6%), smoking (20.5% vs 4.9%), alcohol use (13.2% vs 7.4%), and moderate to severe stress (73.5% vs 59.4%) (all P < 0.001). Compared with US-born women, foreign-born women had lower odds of PTB after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, alcohol use, stress, parity, smoking, body mass index, chronic hypertension, and diabetes (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65-0.97 ). Foreign-born NHB women with < 10 years of US residence had 43% lower odds of PTB compared with US-born (aOR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.43-0.75), whereas those with ≥ 10 years of US residence did not differ significantly from US-born women in their odds of PTB (aOR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.54-1.07).

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CVD risk factors and proportion of women delivering preterm were lower in foreign-born than US-born NHB women. The "foreign-born advantage" was not observed with ≥ 10 years of US residence. Our study highlights the need to intensify public health efforts in exploring and addressing nativity-related disparities in PTB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-298
Number of pages10
JournalCJC Open
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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