Purpose: To determine the efficacy and side effects of taxanes, with or without platinum, for the treatment of sex cord-stromal tumors of the ovary. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients seen from 1985 to 2002 at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center with ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors. Eligible patients underwent pathology confirmation and clinical evaluation at M.D. Anderson and received a taxane for initial or recurrent disease. Results: Of 222 patients identified, 44 were eligible for analysis. For nine patients treated in the first-line adjuvant setting, median progression-free survival (PFS) was not reached at 51 months. Of two patients treated for measurable disease in the first-line setting, one had a complete response. Median PFS was 34.3 months; median overall survival (OS) was not reached. Median follow-up was 90.3 months (range, 39.4 to 140.5 months). Response rate for 30 patients treated with a taxane ± platinum for recurrent, measurable disease was 42%. Median PFS was 19.6 months; median OS was not reached. Median follow-up was 100.7 months (range, 8.1 to 361.3 months). The presence of platinum correlated with response in the recurrent, measurable disease setting. The number of patients was insufficient to detect relative efficacy of paclitaxel and docetaxel. Adverse effects of paclitaxel included neutropenia (n = 6), anemia (n = 1), thrombocytopenia (n = 1), myelodysplasia (n = 1), and hypersensitivity (n = 1). Conclusion: Taxanes seem to be active agents in the treatment of patients with sex cord-stromal tumors of the ovary. The combination of taxanes with platinum in the treatment of this disease deserves additional investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research