The 1440 nm and 1927 nm Nonablative Fractional Diode Laser: Current Trends and Future Directions

Paul Friedman, Kristel D. Polder, Pooja Sodha, Roy G. Geronemus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clinical characteristics of skin exposed to ultraviolet and infrared radiation include dryness, dyschromia, laxity, roughness, sallowness, scaling, telangiectasia, and wrinkles. Fractional photothermolysis promotes skin remodeling by formation of new dermal collagen. The nonablative fractional diode laser (NFDL) system employs fractional photothermolysis to rejuvenate the skin, using 2 distinct handpieces for wavelengths of 1440 nm and 1927 nm. Fractional photothermolysis from nonablative fractional diode lasers facilitates delivery of small molecular-weight compounds, such as L-ascorbic acid, through the skin without compromising barrier function of the stratum corneum. Both handpieces of the NFDL system are effective for rejuvenation of photodamaged facial skin, providing clinical improvement in skin tone, skin texture, fine lines, and dyschromia and reducing the number of detectable skin pores. Application of the 1927 nm wavelength handpiece has shown clinical improvement of hyperpigmentation, melasma, and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, which have been challenging to treat effectively with other laser devices. With a target chromophore of water, the infrared energy of the 1440 nm and 1927 nm NFDL system is appropriate for skin rejuvenation and treatment of dyschromia in skin of color, with a reduced risk of the adverse events observed with other nonablative and ablative fractional lasers. Clinical data have demonstrated that both the 1440 nm and 1927 nm wavelengths are effective, with high levels of patient satisfaction, transient side effects, and minimal patient downtime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)s3-s11
JournalJournal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
Volume19
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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