Textile Heartvalve Prosthesis: Manufacturing Process and Prototype Performances

Frédéric Heim, Bernard Durand, Nabil Chakfe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


A textile heart valve prosthesis is manufactured by forming fabric in such a way as to obtain a valve geometry close to that of the native valve. The forming process leads to optimal closing geometry and limited deformation of the fabric structure during manufacture. The hydrodynamic performance of a fabric heart valve prototype is measured and compared with other commercially available heart valve prosthesis types. In vitro performance of the prototype is evaluated using a pulse duplicator simulating the left side of the human circulatory system, with a 70 ml cardiac output at a constant heart rate of 70 beats/min under a mean diastolic pressure of 100 Hg mm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1124-1131
Number of pages8
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • fabric forming
  • fabric heart valve
  • heart valve prosthesis
  • textile heart valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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