Teaching and Assessing Systems-based Competency in Ophthalmology Residency Training Programs

Andrew G. Lee, Hilary A. Beaver, Emily Greenlee, Thomas A. Oetting, H. Culver Boldt, Richard Olson, Michael Abramoff, Keith Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has mandated that residency programs, including ophthalmology, teach and assess specific competencies, including systems-based learning. We review the pertinent literature on systems-based learning for ophthalmology and recommend specific "good practices" to manage the ACGME mandate. Tools are required that both teach and assess systems based learning competency simultaneously, that are reliable and valid, that have low faculty burden, and that are affordable, practical, and fair. Future research should provide evidence that these interventions produce improved educational and patient outcomes and show proof of competence in systems based learning among residents and clinicians in practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-689
Number of pages10
JournalSurvey of Ophthalmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2007


  • assessment tools
  • competencies
  • systems based learning
  • teaching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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