Taxol metabolism and disposition in cancer patients

T. Walle, U. K. Walle, G. N. Kumar, K. N. Bhalla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the metabolic fate and disposition of taxol in cancer patients. Five patients received 225 or 250 mg/m2 of taxol together with 100 μCi of [3H]taxol as a 3-hr infusion, followed by cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Urine, feces, and blood samples were collected for 120 hr and analyzed for total radioactivity, taxol, and metabolites by reversed-phase HPLC and tandem MS. Total urinary excretion was 14.3 ± 1.4% (SE) of the dose, with unchanged taxol and an unknown polar metabolite as the main excretion products. Total fecal excretion was 71.1 ± 8.2%, with 6α-hydroxytaxol being the largest component by far. Unchanged taxol and four other metabolites could also be identified from fecal extracts. The plasma area under the curve for unchanged taxol was 20.5 ± 2.3 μM · hr and that for total taxol metabolites was 14.2 ± 4.5 μM · hr. The half-life of total metabolites (5.6 ± 0.4 hr), however, greatly exceeded that of unchanged taxol (2.9 ± 0.3 hr). Thus, at 5-hr posttaxol infusion, the plasma concentrations of the five metabolites together exceeded the taxol concentration by 2.4-fold. The findings from this study should be of importance as a guide to further therapeutic evaluation of this drug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-512
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume23
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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