Targeting obesity-related adipose tissue dysfunction to prevent cancer development and progression

Ayca Gucalp, Neil M. Iyengar, Clifford A. Hudis, Andrew J. Dannenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incidence of obesity, a leading modifiable risk factor for common solid tumors, is increasing. Effective interventions are needed to minimize the public health implications of obesity. Although the mechanisms linking increased adiposity to malignancy are incompletely understood, growing evidence points to complex interactions among multiple systemic and tissue-specific pathways including inflamed white adipose tissue. The metabolic and inflammatory consequences of white adipose tissue dysfunction collectively provide a plausible explanation for the link between overweight/obesity and carcinogenesis. Gaining a better understanding of these underlying molecular pathways and developing risk assessment tools that identify at-risk populations will be critical in implementing effective and novel cancer prevention and management strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-160
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Oncology
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Body mass index
  • Cancer prevention
  • Inflammation
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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