T118M PMP22 mutation causes partial loss of function and HNPP-like neuropathy

Michael E. Shy, Mena T. Scavina, Alisa Clark, Karen M. Krajewski, Jun Li, John Kamholz, Edwin Kolodny, Kinga Szigeti, Richard A. Fischer, Gulam Mustafa Saifi, Steven S. Scherer, James R. Lupski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the clinical consequences of the PMP22 point mutation, T118M, which has been previously considered to either cause an autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease or be a benign polymorphism. Methods: We analyzed patients from five separate kindreds and characterized their peripheral nerve function by clinical and electrophysiological methods. Results: All heterozygous patients had clinical and/or electrophysiological features of a neuropathy similar to hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPPs). The homozygous patient had a severe axonal neuropathy without features of demyelination. Interpretation: These findings suggest that T118M PMP22 retains some normal PMP22 activity, allowing the formation of compact myelin and normal nerve conduction velocities in the homozygous state. Taken together, these findings suggest that T118M is a pathogenic mutation causing a dominantly inherited form of CMT by a partial loss of PMP22 function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-364
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Neurology
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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