Synthesis of BSA-Coated BiOI@Bi2S3 Semiconductor Heterojunction Nanoparticles and Their Applications for Radio/Photodynamic/Photothermal Synergistic Therapy of Tumor

Zhao Guo, Shuang Zhu, Yuan Yong, Xiao Zhang, Xinghua Dong, Jiangfeng Du, Jiani Xie, Qing Wang, Zhanjun Gu, Yuliang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Scopus citations

Abstract

Developing an effective theranostic nanoplatform remains a great challenge for cancer diagnosis and treatment. Here, BiOI@Bi2S3@BSA (bovine serum albumin) semiconductor heterojunction nanoparticles (SHNPs) for triple-combination radio/photodynamic/photothermal cancer therapy and multimodal computed tomography/photoacoustic (CT/PA) bioimaging are reported. On the one hand, SHNPs possess strong X-ray attenuation capability since they contain high-Z elements, and thus they are anticipated to be a very competent candidate as radio-sensitizing materials for radiotherapy enhancement. On the other hand, as a semiconductor, the as-prepared SHNPs offer an extra approach for reactive oxygen species generation based on electron–hole pair under the irradiation of X-ray through the photodynamic therapy process. This X-ray excited photodynamic therapy obviously has better penetration depth in bio-tissue. What's more, the SHNPs also possess well photothermal conversion efficiency for photothermal therapy, because Bi2S3 is a thin band semiconductor with strong near-infrared absorption that can cause local overheat. In vivo tumor ablation studies show that synergistic radio/photodynamic/photothermal therapy achieves more significant therapeutic effect than any single treatment. In addition, with the strong X-ray attenuation and high near-infrared absorption, the as-obtained SHNPs can also be applied as a multimodal contrast agent in CT/PA imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1704136
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume29
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2017

Keywords

  • bismuth oxyiodide
  • photodynamic therapy
  • photothermal therapy
  • radiotherapy
  • semiconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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