Synergistic effects of methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18beta-olean-1,-12-dien-30-oate and erlotinib on erlotinib-resistant non-small cell lung cancer cells

Ebony Nottingham, Elizabeth Mazzio, Sunil Kumar Surapaneni, Shallu Kutlehria, Arindam Mondal, Ramesh Badisa, Stephen Safe, Arun K. Rishi, Mandip Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is often characterized by an underlying mutation in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), contributing to aggressive metastatic disease. Methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18beta-olean-1,12-dien-30-oate (CDODA-Me), a glycyrrhetinic acid derivative, reportedly improves the therapeutic response to erlotinib (ERL), an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. In the present study, we performed a series of studies to demonstrate the efficacy of CDODA-Me (2 μM) in sensitizing HCC827R (ERL-resistant) cells to ERL. Herein, we first established the selectivity of ERL-induced drug resistance in the HCC827R cells, which was sensitized when ERL was combined with CDODA-Me (2 μM), shifting the IC50 from 23.48 μM to 5.46 μM. Subsequently, whole transcriptomic microarray expression data demonstrated that the combination of ERL + CDODA-Me elicited 210 downregulated genes (0.44% of the whole transcriptome (WT)) and 174 upregulated genes (0.36% of the WT), of which approximately 80% were unique to the ERL + CDODA-Me group. Synergistic effects centered on losses to cell cycle progression transcripts, a reduction of minichromosome maintenance complex components (MCM2-7), all key components of the Cdc45·MCM2-7GINS (CMG) complex, and replicative helicases; these effects were tantamount to the upregulation of processes associated with the nuclear factor erythroid 2 like 2 translational response to oxidative stress, including sulfiredoxin 1, heme oxygenase 1, and stress-induced growth inhibitor 1. Collectively, these findings indicate that the synergistic therapeutic effects of ERL + CDODA-Me on resistant NSCLC cells are mediated via the inhibition of mitosis and induction of oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-807
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Combination therapy
  • Drug resistance
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • Erlotinib
  • Transcriptomic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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