Surgical challenges in the treatment of a giant renal cell carcinoma with atypical presentation: A case report

Rodolfo J. Oviedo, Jarrod C. Robertson, Kenneth Whithaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction For the management of localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC), surgical resection is the standard of care. Considerations are given to achieve good outcomes with conservative measures. When the tumor is exceedingly large the safest alternative is total nephrectomy. Presentation of case The patient is a 75 year old man with a 5 year history of increasing abdominal distension. There was no recent hematuria or any other genitourinary complaints. CT revealed a giant complex mass that occupied the majority of the abdomen likely arising from the retroperitoneum. Early in diagnosis, the mass was suspected to arise from the left kidney. The decision was made to proceed with surgery for both treatment and diagnosis. Resection of the tumor revealed a 28.0 × 25.0 × 15.0 cm encapsulated neoplasm. Histopathology determined this to be a papillary RCC. Resection of the mass resulted in en bloc partial nephrectomy immediately followed by a completion of the nephrectomy, lymphadenectomy, and abdominal wall repair. Postoperative course was excellent. Discussion The aim of this report is to determine the surgical challenges posed by a tumor of this magnitude and the multidisciplinary approach necessary to treat it. In the often indolent course seen with RCC, surgeons are faced with the task of handling advanced disease, requiring more radical procedures for good outcomes. Conclusion The size of the tumor in this case presented several challenges in the operative setting. The sheer mass of the tumor gave no other choice than to perform exploratory laparotomy and complete nephrectomy upon resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-66
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Giant
  • Intraabdominal mass
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Retroperitoneal tumor
  • Surgical oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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