Surface structure, hydration, and cationic sites of nanohydroxyapatite: UHR-TEM, IR, and microgravimetric studies

Luca Bertinetti, Anna Tampieri, Elena Landi, Caterina Ducati, Paul A. Midgley, Salvatore Coluccia, Gianmario Martra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

A multi-technique study devoted to investigate the surface features of nanosized hydroxyapatite (HA) was carried out. UHR-TEM observation provided evidence that HA nanoparticles are constituted by a crystalline core, elongated in the direction of the crystallographic c-axis, coated by an amorphous layer 1-2 nm thick. By means of IR spectroscopy and microgravimetry, the amount of water and hydroxy groups on the surface was evaluated. For the as-prepared material, it was found that the first hydration layer is mainly constituted by H2O molecules interacting through a coordinative bond with Ca 2+ in a 1:1 ratio, while hydroxy groups account only for ca. 20% of surface hydration species. Outgassing at increasing temperatures up to 300°C resulted in a complete surface dehydration, accompanied by a decrease of the capability to readsorb water. Possible changes of the local structure of surface Ca2+ ions were probed by IR spectra of adsorbed CO. The combination of these data with rehydration tests suggested that a significant part of surface Ca2+ ions, once dehydrated, can undergo a relaxation inward the surface, progressively more irreversible as the outgassing temperature increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4027-4035
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume111
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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