A multi-technique study devoted to investigate the surface features of nanosized hydroxyapatite (HA) was carried out. UHR-TEM observation provided evidence that HA nanoparticles are constituted by a crystalline core, elongated in the direction of the crystallographic c-axis, coated by an amorphous layer 1-2 nm thick. By means of IR spectroscopy and microgravimetry, the amount of water and hydroxy groups on the surface was evaluated. For the as-prepared material, it was found that the first hydration layer is mainly constituted by H2O molecules interacting through a coordinative bond with Ca 2+ in a 1:1 ratio, while hydroxy groups account only for ca. 20% of surface hydration species. Outgassing at increasing temperatures up to 300°C resulted in a complete surface dehydration, accompanied by a decrease of the capability to readsorb water. Possible changes of the local structure of surface Ca2+ ions were probed by IR spectra of adsorbed CO. The combination of these data with rehydration tests suggested that a significant part of surface Ca2+ ions, once dehydrated, can undergo a relaxation inward the surface, progressively more irreversible as the outgassing temperature increases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films