Purpose: This study evaluated the potential safety, efficacy, and durability advantages of investigational triamcinolone acetonide suspension (CLS-TA; Clearside Biomedical, Alpharetta, GA) administered suprachoroidally in conjunction with intravitreal aflibercept compared with aflibercept monotherapy for treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). Design: TYBEE was a prospective, controlled, double-masked study. Patients were randomized 1:1 to CLS-TA and aflibercept (active) or aflibercept monotherapy (control), and assessed over 24 weeks. Participants: Treatment-naive DME patients with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20 to 70 letters and central subfield retinal thickness (CST) of more than 300 μm. Methods: Patients in the active group (n = 36) received CLS-TA and aflibercept at baseline and week 12. Patients in the control group (n = 35) received aflibercept at baseline, week 4, week 8, and week 12. To mask both groups, sham suprachoroidal and intravitreal injections were utilized. All patients were eligible to receive aflibercept as needed at weeks 4, 8, 16, and 20 per prespecified criteria. Main Outcome Measure: Mean change in BCVA from baseline. Treatment differences were assessed with a 2-sided significance level of 0.10. Results: Mean BCVA changes from baseline to week 24 were not statistically different in the active and control groups (intention-to-treat [ITT] population: +11.4 letters and +13.8 letters [P = 0.288]; per protocol [PP] population: +12.3 letters and +13.5 letters [P = 0.664]; respectively). Greater improvement in CST was seen in the active versus control group (ITT population: –212.1 μm and –178.6 μm [P = 0.089]; PP population: –226.5 μm and –176.1 μm [P = 0.035]; respectively). Compared with the control group, eyes in the active group received fewer treatments (scheduled plus as-needed treatments averaging 4.6 versus 2.6, respectively). No treatment-related serious adverse events were observed. Ocular adverse events were low for both arms. Cataract events, all assessed as unrelated to treatment, and events of elevated intraocular pressure trended higher in the active group. Conclusions: CLS-TA administered suprachoroidally in conjunction with intravitreal aflibercept for treatment of DME provides simliar visual benefit at 24 weeks’ follow-up compared with aflibercept monotherapy, is well tolerated and shows modest anatomic benefit with potential to reduce treatment burden.
- Diabetic macular edema
ASJC Scopus subject areas